Welcoming Change

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Literature Review

ABSTRACT

In a 2007 report by Jobs for the Future, it was concluded that the United States has a very long way to go to eliminate social disparities in degree production to meet the demand for higher skills and knowledge and remain competitive internationally. Closing the gaps between various historically disadvantaged groups would require that the bachelor‟s and associate‟s degree production be increased by nearly 37 percent. The achievement of this goal is not possible without catering for the special needs of first-generation students. These students represent the racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups that are currently disadvantaged. The goals for the higher education system have been set, now it is time for significant efforts to be made in understanding and solving the problems that are faced by first-generation students (Handel & Montoya).

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Financing Social Mobility

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The number of students enrolling at community colleges is on the rise. This increase is accompanied by an increase in the proportion of all undergraduate students that attend community colleges. Currently, almost half of all undergraduate students are enrolled in community colleges. However, opportunities for even the most talented of low-income students remain limited. Opportunities for these students to transfer to selective four-year institutions are few and far between. In fact, the number of such opportunities is shrinking. (Dowd & Gabbard, 2009)

While some efforts are being made by a select group of highly selective four-year institutions, much more can be done. A coordinated effort from highly selective institutions has the potential to significantly increase the number of low-SES transfer students by reaching out to talented community college students, educating high school and community college students about financial aid, and actively working on their respective campuses to break down cultural barriers.

The failure to take the initiatives described above would mean that the existing cultures at elite four-year colleges would be preserved. This would neutralize the role of elite higher education institutions as vehicles for upward social mobility.

The lack of diversity in the socioeconomic backgrounds of students will also hurt the overall ability of institutions to truly diversify their student bodies and provide an education that nurtures the institution of critical thinking, promotes the understanding and acceptance of differences, and above all prepares students for success in the world that they will enter as graduates.

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Transferring Offers Path Into Selective Colleges

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New doors open for community college students as economy swells their ranks.

By Marion Callahan

OF THE MORNING CALL

August 30, 2009

Amanda Baranowski had her heart set on Lehigh University. But the Nazareth Area High School graduate, who ranked 17th in her class, planned one stop before heading there — community college.

”It was financially appealing, close to home and easy to commute,” said Baranowski, 22, who graduated with honors from Lehigh in May and is now employed as a researcher at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore.

Baranowski is part of a growing number of high-achieving students who are opting for community college before moving on to four-year universities.

Responding to the soaring enrollment at community colleges, some public and private colleges are beefing up recruitment efforts, or in some cases, opening doors that were once considered shut to those going the community college route.

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Literature Review: Internationalization of the College Campus

Record numbers of international students are enrolling in colleges and universities in the United States. Internationalization of the college campus has gone from being a phenomenon driven by the desire of foreigners to study, work, and eventually settle in the United States to being driven by a conscious effort by college administrators to increase diversity on campuses in order to produce students who are better prepared to excel in today’s connected world. (Ping, 1999) This has introduced new challenges to the field of student affairs. Student affairs professionals are not only busy finding ways to attract and retain more international students, but  to make the learning experience most rewarding for them, as well as making the most of their presence on campus to enhance the learning experiences of their hosts.

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Organizing for Success: Organization Theory and the Stage-Gate Innovation Process

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In today’s globalized world where information flows freer than ever before, the current generation of consumers is more discerning than any other generation in the past. There are more competitors in any given industry. Companies that fail to innovate, or fail to innovate at a fast enough pace face the threat of going out of business. However, it is not just enough to be innovative; almost half of the resources that are used for the research, development, and launch of new products go to products that never make it.

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A New Beginning

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Over the last six years I have come to own and then dis-own many .com and a couple .org websites. I have never before tried to unify my online existence. However, as I continue to work on my higher education, I have a feeling that somewhere down the line I might just regret the fact that I have not kept track of my contributions to the World Wide Web. The primary purpose of this website is to create a central location where those who wish to find out more about me, or my work can easily do so with a few clicks and keystrokes.

If you are such an adventurer and have any questions, concerns, or suggestions – please feel free, just add a comment to this (or any other) post and I will try my best to address your concerns. I hope you have a good time on this website, and on any others that this one links you to 🙂